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Use Web3Signer

Web3Signer is an open-source remote signing service developed by Consensys. Prysm users can use this tool as an alternative to storing keys locally. Web3Signer uses REST APIs.

Prysm supports the use of Web3Signer the following flags:

--validators-external-signer-url : base URL for the Web3Signer.



It is recommended to use https for the Web3Signer url. Prysm currently supports one to one on Web3Signer and does not support multiple key management systems with the same validator client. Prysm does not support partial local and partial remote key management. Web3signer does not support authentication between the validator client and the signer.

  • --validators-external-signer-public-keys: Comma separated list of public validator keys in hex format or an external url endpoint for the validator to retrieve public keys in JSON format.

HEX example:


URL example:


URLs will only pull once and does not poll. Additional keys can be added or removed via the Remote Keymanager API.

Running Prysm with Web3Signer does not need Prysm Wallet Creation

Most Prysm keymanager types require a corresponding Prysm wallet for storing keys, the web3signer type doesn't use any locally stored Prysm wallet. The --wallet-dir flag will still be needed if using the Remote Keymanager API for auth-token purposes.

Remote Keymanager API

Keymanager APIs is a recommended set of REST APIs that validator clients have agreed upon for managing keys.

The Remote Keymanager APIs allows Prysm users to list, update, and delete the public keys set on the validator for Web3Signer.

To use the Remote keymanager API, one would need to run the validator with the --web and --validators-external-signer-url flags with --validators-external-signer-public-keys being optional. if --validators-external-signer-public-keys is not defined the validator client would simply run in a loop waiting for keys to be set.


validator --web --validators-external-signer-url=http://localhost:9000

The --web flag will enable validator client APIs as well as the web ui ( not supported for web3signer ). A JWT token ( found on the second line of the auth-token file) will be generated in the prysm default wallet directory otherwise defined by --wallet-dir flag. the token will also be printed in the console:

[2022-04-15 14:07:39]  INFO rpc:

The token needs to be copied and set in the header of the API request:

Authorization: `Bearer eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.e30.ck3J6tcvHcI74IiFjyJqcBH-MmNAq-fMr0ncyZkGvFM`

For more information on Remote Keymanager API visit the Keymanager APIs Github Repo.

Prysm Web Interface not supported for Web3Signer

Prysm Web Interface can only support local keys and will not support the Web3Signer keys.eth2-keymanager-frontend is a front-end alternative to the Prysm UI for the Keymanager APIs.

Only supports Web3Signer currently

The remote keymanager API only currently supports Web3Signer types, please use the regular keymanager API for locally stored keys.

Beacon Chain needs to be synced for use

Both Keymanager APIs are only supported when the beacon chain syncs.